Constantinople remained the most common name for the city in the West until the establishment of the , which urged other countries to use Istanbul. Following , the historic peninsula is said to be characterized by , each topped by imperial mosques. A nascent telephone system began to emerge in Istanbul in 1881 and after the first manual became operational in Istanbul in 1909, the Ministry of Post and Telegraph became the Ministry of Post, Telegraph, and Telephone. As the only sea route between the oil-rich Black Sea and the Mediterranean, the Bosphorus is one of the busiest waterways in the world; more than 200 million tonnes of oil pass through the strait each year, and the traffic on the Bosphorus is three times that on the. From this flagship festival came the and the in the early 1980s. İstiklal Avenue, originally known for its taverns, has shifted toward shopping, but the nearby Nevizade Street is still lined with winehouses and pubs.
Archived from on 16 September 2013. With its focus now solely on music and dance, the Istanbul Festival has been known as the since 1994. Istanbul Metro Map 2019 The Istanbul Metro has been growing quickly for the last couple of years. Most nationwide newspapers are based in Istanbul, with simultaneous Ankara and İzmir editions. The first private university established in Istanbul since 1982 was founded in 1992 , and another dozen had opened within the following decade.
Istanbul is a transcontinental city in , straddling the which separates and between the and the. Women wear closed clothes, the same applies to visitors — people in open clothing may be denied to enter many mosques and public institutions. In 1995, the Istanbul Stock Exchange now Borsa Istanbul moved to its current building in the quarter of the district. An example of which is the imperial. In 1923 was chosen instead as the new Turkish capital after the , and the city's name was changed to Istanbul. Constantinople jostled with other major historical cities, such as , , and for the position of until the 12th century. While planning your city trip, it may come in handy to , pick , or while planning what museum, mosque or palace to visit on a certain day.
Istanbul's central post office dates back to 1909. Between 2005 and 2011, racing circuit hosted the annual. Constantinople's churches, defenses, and basic services were in disrepair, and its population had dwindled to a hundred thousand from half a million during the 8th century. Archived from on 2 January 2012. In recent years, Istanbul's educational system has expanded substantially; from 2000 to 2007, the number of classrooms and teachers nearly doubled and the number of students increased by more than 60 percent. Younger family members should respect the elders, who, in their turn, surround them with care and affection.
Seismologists say the risk of a 7. The exhibition of the private industrial museum is dedicated to the history of transport in Turkey. Nevertheless the city maintained its prominence in geopolitical and cultural affairs. In winter some parts of the province average freezing or below at night. The settlers built an adjacent to the Golden Horn on the site of the early Thracian settlements, fueling the nascent city's economy.
Among the most devastating of these seismic events was the , which caused a tsunami that broke over the walls of the city and killed more than 10,000 people. New stations to replace both the Haydarpaşa and Sirkeci terminals, and connect the city's disjointed railway networks, are expected to open upon completion of the Marmaray project; until then, Istanbul is without intercity rail service. Urban Transport and the Environment: An International Perspective. As the eastern capital of the empire, the city was named ; most called it Constantinople, a name that persisted into the 20th century. A new and development hub, called Bio Istanbul, is under construction in , and will host 15,000 residents, 20,000 working commuters, and a university upon completion.
Bridges across the were constructed during this period, and Constantinople was connected to the rest of the European railway network in the 1880s. Eminonu is near to Spice Bazaar and Sultanahmet whereas Karakoy is near to Taksim, Galata Tower, Istiklal Street. Istanbul has , from the historic to the modern. The Port of Zeytinburnu is advantaged by its proximity to motorways and , and long-term plans for the city call for greater connectivity between all terminals and the road and rail networks. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul has bid for the five times in twenty years. The pinnacle of Byzantine architecture, and one of Istanbul's most iconic structures, is the.
Constantine also undertook a major renovation and expansion of the ; accommodating tens of thousands of spectators, the hippodrome became central to civic life and, in the 5th and 6th centuries, the center of episodes of unrest, including the. In Atabaki, Touraj; Brockett, Gavin eds. Sultan issued his first official honor for the in 1847, and construction of the first telegraph line—between Istanbul and —finished in time to announce the end of the in 1856. The has a regional office in Istanbul, assisting its Turkish-language news operations, and the American news channel established the Turkish-language there in 1999. Turkish Offshore Racing Club also hosts major yacht races, such as the annual Naval Forces Trophy. Ibrahim, Ferhad; Gürbey, Gülistan eds. Archived from on 17 May 2009.
At the start of the 21st century, Istanbul's Greek population numbered 3,000 down from 130,000 in 1923 and 260,000 according to the Ottoman Census of 1910 of 850,000 total. Istanbul highlights in one image: Topkapı Palace, Hagia Sophia Ayasofya; the Church of the Holy Wisdom and Sultanahmet Mosque, the Blue Mosque, are famous landmarks of Istanbul. Among Turkey's first private stations, and the first featuring foreign popular music, was Istanbul's 97. Archived from on 6 January 2012. Archived from on 17 January 2012.